Failed Back Surgery Syndrome
The intense pain that occurs after back (spinal) surgery is called failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS). Factors that contribute to the back pain are recurrent disc herniation, persistent post-operative pressure on spinal nerve, altered joint mobility, joint hypermobility with instability, scar tissue, spinal muscular deconditioning and anxiety. Failed back surgery is a misnomer as it includes a heterogeneous group of disorders that have in common pain symptoms after lumbar surgery.
Treatments for FBSS range from physiotherapy to transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, behavioral medicine, membrane stabilizers, and spinal cord stimulation. Instead of opting for unnecessary surgery that might complicate matters, it is important to look at several existing pain management procedures without the risk for complications